We know that lighting is important for an attractive, functional space. And the right design can help to enhance productivity. It also makes you feel relaxed, so you can define your space. From creative, minimalist, recessed to cube lighting and design, they all help to draw people together.

Additionally, lighting affects the way we perceive colors and textures. Apart from other elements of design, the use of lights has a way of affecting the entire feel of a space. To crown it all, light fixtures end up as the focal point of each room, no wonder putting a design together can be quite daunting.

We are going to help you understand the basics of maximizing various types of lights and give you tips that can help you illuminate any space without stress.

Here are the basic things you need to know:

  1. The way you feel when you are in a particular space has a lot to do with the illumination there.
  2. Having more illumination in a space is not necessarily a better option. Think about quality versus quantity.
  3. A good design involves matching the degree of illumination to the task that is being performed in that room. Think about a kitchen island that is brightly lit versus a dim lamp for reading in the living room.
  4. Always try to place lights where they are actually needed, then keep others of lower intensity elsewhere for ambiance.
  5. You need to consider both artificial and natural lights when designing the rooms,.

You may want to read more about the basics of lighting: https://www.thespruce.com/interior-lighting-design-basics-1313467.

Tips for Lighting Your Room

Below are tips that can help you when planning a design for your room’s illumination.

Know the Available Options

Most people assume that only one lighting option – overheads – will be enough to illuminate the room. But this is a common mistake. Actually, the whole plan comes out better when the lights are placed in layers. Now, there are 3 major types of lighting you can use indoors, and each room can have a combination of all of them.

The three types are:


This is also referred to as general lighting. It fills a major part of a room, providing uniform illumination irrespective of other light sources. The purpose of indoor ambient light is so you can safely move around a room.

The fixtures that provide ambient light are:

  1. Wall-mounted fixtures
  2. Chandelier
  3. Track light
  4. Table lamp
  5. Floor lamp
  6. LED downlights or recessed fixtures
  7. Ceiling-mounted fixtures

You can find amazing ways to use ambient lighting here.


This type creates a particular effect or focuses on a specific area of interest in the room. It makes the room appear larger and it highlights a focal point such as pieces of wall art, an architectural feature, a sculpture, a collection of items, or a plant (when used outdoor).

The general rule for fixing accent light is to install thrice the number of lights you would install for ambient lighting. This will allow the illumination to be focused more on the area or object of interest. The fixtures that provide accent lighting are:

  1. Wall-mounted fixtures
  2. Under cabinet and slim bar line
  3. Track light
  4. Downlight or directional recessed light
  5. Extrusion and tape


This option helps illuminate the task that you are carrying out in a particular room. They assist in completing some functions such as cooking, reading, and computer work. A very bright light is needed in a small focal point in the room for these kinds of tasks.

However, it will be better to stay away from harsh lights that cast troublesome shadows. You can also consider having a switch for task lights, separate from the overall light switch. The fixtures that provide task lights include:

  1. Desk or portable lamp
  2. Extrusion and tape
  3. Under cabinet and slim bar line
  4. Pendant lighting
  5. Downlight or directional gimbal recessed light

Allow the Room to Determine the Light Layout

Now that you know the different options, it is time to determine where and how the lights will be placed in the rooms. You can do this according to your preference but there are standard lighting layouts that you can adopt. However, if you are not sure about where to begin, you can use the guide below as an inspiration.


You can welcome people with dramatic cube pendant lighting or an overhead chandelier. You can also complement it with a floor or table lamp.

Living Room

You can use recessed or track lighting here. If the room has a major seating space, use a large overhead light at the center. And if you want to illuminate shadowy corners, place some floor lamps where necessary. Also, if there is a buffet or other large furniture, you can add a table lamp.

Dining Room

This is one of the easiest places to design. The main source of illumination may be a chandelier that is placed at the center, over the dining table or pendant light. You can use a table or floor lamp where there are dark corners.


The lighting here is usually complex. But you can start with recessed lighting. Areas of focus such as the dining table and kitchen island can have chandeliers or overhead pendants. Work areas can have under cabinet lights. And you can have task lights at the stove and sink.


This area will ideally have overhead light sources as well as table lamps on dressers or nightstands.


The use of recessed lights is common here. You can have task lights near the mirror area. And if you want to create a dramatic touch, place an overhead light source over the tub.


You can have a recessed light or an overhead light here. But ensure you add floor or table lamps where there are dark corners or around seating areas. You can also have a desk lamp around your main workspace.

You can also find more ideas to light up your home: https://www.hongkiat.com/blog/creative-home-lightning-ideas/


The right light can break or make your room. And when it is properly done, it provides a perfect atmosphere for your interior design. The tips provided in this article will help to enhance the aesthetics of your room.