After years of research, cannabis and CBD are now established as natural, less intoxicating, and non-psychoactive products for health and well-being. However, due to concerns about purity and potency in store-bought CBD products, many are deciding to grow cannabis plants at home.
At the same time, high-quality cannabis seeds for planting are more accessible than ever due to the increasing number of states and countries that legalize responsible cannabis consumption for therapy or well-being.
Growing your own cannabis plant allows you full control and you are 100% sure of health and safety effects. Many who grow cannabis often refer to tips by DrCannabis.io. Meanwhile, for your convenience, this article summarizes five (5) key elements of growing cannabis plants at home.
First, designate a growing space inside or outside your home. This space cannot be any ordinary room or empty corner. In fact, it must have all the required growing conditions.
When choosing a cannabis growing area, the first thing to consider is the amount of space. If it’s your first time, it’s best to choose a smaller area so that the setup is less expensive. Aside from the actual space for the plants, you must include enough space for planting and growing equipment such as ventilation and lighting.
Lastly, choose a convenient and accessible location where you can monitor the plants from time to time. Keep it discreet and secure from unwanted attention from friends, neighbors, or thieves.
2. Select The Best Seeds
Not all cannabis seeds are equal. There are so many seed options in the market that picking the best ones that fit your requirements can be overwhelming. As much as possible, stick to one kind of cannabis seeds so you can focus on growing them well. To guide you in choosing the best seeds, three (3) key factors are summarized here.
- Price: Don’t splurge too much on the expensive choices, particularly if it’s your first time. Limit your budget to cheaper types and work your way up.
- Indica vs. Sativa: Generally, there are two cannabis strains – Cannabis indica and Cannabis sativa. For beginners, Cannabis indica is best because it is easier to grow but not if you are impatient. If you’re not too concerned about long growth time, indicas are best for you.
- Feminized vs. Regular vs. Autoflowering: While some planters grow the seeds to harvest dank buds, the feminized seeds that produce 99% of female cannabis, breeders of new strains are more inclined towards regular seeds. However, the seeds that are best for beginners are auto-flowering seeds that can be harvested as soon as possible.
3. Pick Quality Indoor Lights
Choosing the correct lighting is required to elicit higher yields and more potent buds in cannabis plants. If you’re growing cannabis plants indoors, lighting is one of the most important factors that can affect growth and quality. Here are the best lighting options that you can consider:
- Fluorescent: Because of their low cost, fluorescent lights are the top choice of most hobby growers and small-scale planters. Although the ballast, bulbs, and reflector are included in the package and they don’t need a cooling system, the downside is that they tend to be less efficient and more space-consuming.
- HID: Industry-standard lights are high-intensity discharge (HID) lights. However, they’re more costly than fluorescents and they require air-cooled reflectors, exhaust fans, and duct systems, particularly if you have a very limited growing space.
- LED: These are most energy- and cost-efficient lighting options that produce a wider light spectrum that results in better quality and larger yields. Because of these advantages, LED lights can cost about ten times more than HID lights.
4. Crate The Best Growing Conditions
After establishing the growing space and setup, you can ensure better yield quality by maintaining the best possible growing conditions and by constantly checking how these affect the plants.
- Lighting: Position the lights to mimic the brightness and heat of the sun.
- Exhaust and Air Circulation: Abundant fresh air and cool, gentle breezes promote faster plant growth and prevent bud rotting, mildew, spider mites, and fungi.
- Temperature: Keep the temperature at 19-30℃ (65-85℉).
- Humidity: Humidity levels don’t usually cause major growing issues. However, balanced humidity promotes faster yields and better bud resin production. If the plants are still seedlings, keep the humidity below 60%. At the vegetative state, keep humidity at 40-60%. At the flowering state keep it between 40-50%. During the final flowering weeks, maintain humidity at 40-45%.
5. Use The Best Nutrients
Unlike ordinary crops, cannabis plants require constant nutrient intakes that you can provide through fertilizers. To ensure high-quality cannabis growth, use fertilizers rich in macronutrients such as phosphorus (P), nitrogen (N), and potassium (K). At the same time, you can use smaller quantities of micronutrients: iron (Fe), calcium (Ca), copper (Cu), and magnesium (Mg).
The elements summarized in this article can help and guide you when growing cannabis plants. Remember to provide what your plant needs. In addition, there are helpful tips in growing your cannabis that can help you achieve a successful harvest.