Are you planning to grow a tower garden? These vertical aeroponic growing systems have appealed to many homeowners due to their small space requirements. Individuals can grow their own crops either inside their homes or outdoors. This growing system uses no soil, hence eliminating the traditional gardening problems of struggling with pests, weeds, and diseases.
Plants are arranged in the form of a pyramid, placing the largest crops at the bottom, those of medium size in the center, whereas the smallest ones on the top. Homeowners looking for such a growing system should check out this tower garden review, explaining the pros and cons of tower garden products.
Follow the tips below to plan a successful tower garden.
When planning a tower garden, start by choosing an ideal location either outside or inside your home. The tiny size of approximately two square feet allows homeowners to cultivate flowers or grow vegetables on their balconies or within their homes. Would-be gardeners should pick a location that fits the requirements related to light, water, and access to an electricity source.
In order for plants to grow optimally, you need to select a location that provides enough sun exposure. The majority of crops require at least six to a maximum of eight hours of sunlight exposure for proper growth when cultivated outdoors. Conversely, tower gardens grown indoors require as many as sixteen hours of exposure to grow lights.
Nevertheless, some herbs and leafy vegetables are perfectly capable of growing in partial or dappled shade, which makes them a perfect choice for indoor crops. A couple of hours of sunlight are sufficient for veggies like lettuce, spinach, celery, leeks, Brussels sprouts, broccoli, and kale to survive. The same goes for herbs like parsley, angelica, cilantro, mint, and chervil.
Water is of crucial importance when planning a tower garden, as it uses no soil for growing plants. The water gardeners put in the reservoir shouldn’t be hard or chlorinated. Once the reservoir is filled, the pump and timer are responsible for the rest of the process. Naturally, you’ll need a nearby electricity source for the pump to keep running.
Take local climate into account
Those gardeners planning to grow a tower garden outdoors have to consider the local climate before the planting process. Plants have different requirements in view of temperature and sunlight. While most crops enter hibernation mode when temperatures become cold, others bloom in cool weather. Therefore, gardeners are expected to gain insight into the seasonal preferences of crops before starting a tower garden.
For instance, spring is a favorable season for broccoli, kale, peas, cauliflower, cabbage, lettuce, parsley, beans, mustard, Brussels sprouts, and other plants capable of tolerating cool temperatures. In contrast, summer is the best period for growing pumpkin, eggplant, peppers, tomatoes, cucumber, watermelon, rosemary, lavender, etc. Visit this link to find out which vegetables are best planted in early spring.
Furthermore, autumn is the best season for cultivating beans, arugula, leeks, lettuce, spinach, collards, cilantro, celery, peas, and other crops. It’s important for gardeners to opt for vegetables and herbs that grow quickly, as autumn provides a shorter period for cultivation.
Indoor gardeners, on the other hand, have no limitations in respect of seasoning. As long as tower gardens get enough light from LED grow lights, gardeners won’t have to wait for a particular season to grow certain crops.
Make a choice of plants
The following decision to make refers to the choice of crops. It should be based on your food preference, the local climate, and the season. In order for your tower garden to grow successfully, crops have to be provided with the necessary number of micronutrients and macronutrients.
Plants need minerals like potassium, nitrogen, and phosphorus to thrive. A nutrient solution is what individuals need to use when growing a tower garden. These products are added to the water in the reservoir for the purpose of enhancing nutrition and supporting plant growth.
Companion planting is worth considering when planning a tower garden. Believe it or not, plants have best friends that induce their growth, improve their flavor, and protect them from pests. Consequently, selecting the right combination of crops helps gardeners in growing a healthy vertical garden.
For instance, asparagus is best grown alongside tomatoes and parsley, while basil benefits from the companionship of tomato, pepper, and marigold. Bush beans are friends with plenty of crops like radish, carrots, potato, peas, eggplant, leek, beets, corn, and lettuce except for onion, basil, and fennel.
Carrots thrive in the presence of cabbage, radish, rosemary, tomato, sage, and beans, only not when surrounded by celery and parsnip. Corn is a good companion of beets and all sorts of beans, but it dislikes tomato. Lettuce has no enemies, but it prefers the companionship of potato, carrots, radishes, and corn dill.
Potatoes, on the other hand, do not thrive well when planted alongside many crops, such as pumpkin, turnip, sunflower, pumpkin, cucumber, and the squash family. Additionally, pumpkin loves corn but hates potatoes.
Consider the plant arrangement
Following the selection of crops, gardeners are supposed to consider the arrangement and number of plants in their tower garden. Small plants, such as lettuce, celery, and herbs are best placed at the top of the garden, whereas medium-size crops should be in the middle. Make sure any beans, peppers, or eggplants are put in the central part of the growing system.
Moreover, the bottom is reserved for large crops such as zucchini, tomatoes, cucumber, or melons. Anyhow, there should be a maximum of four big and vine plants in every growing system to ensure optimal growth. The quantity of crops depends on the number of family members. For example, a family of four would need no more than one tomato, cucumber, zucchini, and eggplant, as well as four peas, two bell peppers, four green beans, etc.
Whether grown indoors or outdoors, a tower garden enables every homeowner to become a gardener!